Drought and conservation measures
The Las Vegas Valley gets about 90 percent of its water from the Colorado River, which is facing the worst drought on record.
Lake Mead is the source of most of the community's drinking water. Since January 2000, Lake Mead's water level has dropped more than 130 feet.
Facing the worst drought on record in the Colorado River basin, the Las Vegas Valley Water District began implementing drought-related restrictions and conservation measures more than a decade ago.
These measures have paid off. Conservation efforts in the Las Vegas Valley have helped reduce the community's Colorado River consumption by 30 billion gallons between 2002 and 2016, even as the population increased by more than 600,000 residents during that time.
In 2016, Southern Nevada used 123 gallons per capita per day, representing a 38 percent decline in the community's per capita water use since 2002.*
*Note: This number reflects water from all sources used by residents and businesses served by municipal water providers, as well as recovered indoor water treated and returned to the Colorado River system and water used by 40 million annual visitors. Because different water agencies' calculation methodologies vary, comparing cities' water efficiency through the use of this metric is not recommended.
Southern Nevada Water Use and Population
Cause of the drought
Snowmelt and precipitation in the Colorado Rocky Mountains feed the Colorado River, which flows into Lake Mead.
The Rocky Mountains have had below-average snowfall for several years, decreasing the amount of runoff into the Colorado River.
Lake Mead is more than three trillion gallons below capacity.
It will take many years of above-normal runoff in the Rocky Mountains before Lake Mead's water level returns to the level before the drought began.
Conservation measures combat drought
As a Southern Nevada Water Authority member agency, the Water District adopted mandatory conservation measures to help the community weather the drought.
Among the drought measures are outdoor watering restrictions and landscape watering assignments, as well as increases in water rates and water waste fees.
Besides mandatory watering restrictions, the District has integrated other water conservation measures into its Service Rules. The following sections contain details about these water restrictions.
Before you plant grass, make sure you're following county or city turf limitation codes. Turf limits restrict or prohibit the amount of grass that can be planted at new properties.
No new turf allowed in front yards. Fifty percent of side and rear yards or 100 square feet, whichever is greater, may be grass (maximum of 5,000 square feet).Multifamily (condos, apartments)
Turf prohibited in common areas or front yards except for privately-owned parks with an area greater than 10 feet.Non-residential development
New turf prohibited, except by special permit. Does not apply to schools, parks or cemeteries.Golf courses
Limited to 5 acres average per hole, with a maximum 10 additional acres for driving ranges. Golf Courses are subject to a water budget.
No new turf allowed in front yards. Fifty percent of turf in side and rear yard or 100 square feet, whichever is greater, may be grass (maximum of 5,000 square feet).Multifamily (condos, apartments)
New turf prohibited in common areas or front yards except for privately-owned parks with an area greater than 10 feet.Non-residential development
New turf prohibited, except for major schools, parks or cemeteries.Golf courses
Limited to a maximum of 45 acres for 18 holes and 5 acres for driving ranges.
If you'd like to get rid of existing turf, sign up for the Southern Nevada Water Authority's Water Smart Landscapes program. You could qualify for a rebate for grass converted to water-smart landscaping. You must contact the Water Authority before you begin your conversion to qualify.
Public and private swimming pools are not currently subject to conservation measures. When pool water is managed efficiently, swimming pools actually use less water than grass covering the same area.
All pool water must be properly drained into the sanitary sewer when the public sanitary sewer is available. Allowing pool water to drain into streets, sidewalks or storm drains is a violation of city and county ordinances and Water District water waste policies. Violations could result in a water waste fee on your bill. Learn the lawful way to drain your pool.
City and county ordinances restrict the use of water to fill or refill man-made lakes and decorative water features.
Fountains and water features with a surface area of 25 square feet or less are allowed.Fountains in residential common areas
Same as residential fountains, but the water feature cannot be incorporated into an entryway or streetscape, as defined by local government.Non-residential fountains and re-circulating water
A fountain may maintain a re-circulating water pool to sustain pumps, pond liners, surface coatings and ancillary equipment.Man-made lakes
A man-made lake with more than one acre of surface area comprised all or in part of water delivered by the Water District will pay the same rate as metered construction water for fill water (see Chapter 7 of the Water District Service Rules). Lakes that serve as a functional reservoir for a golf course are included in the calculation of a golf course water budget.
The service area of most Water District accounts are located in the City of Las Vegas or Clark County. Other contact numbers are provided for convenience.
Residential mist cooling systems are allowed with no restrictions. Commercial misting system use is restricted for human comfort and allowed only during the months of May, June, July, and August.
Personal vehicles may be washed at home using a hose with positive shut-off nozzle. However, the Water District recommends use of a commercial or self-serve car wash where water is captured to the sanitary sewer, which allows for recycling. Or, use a high-pressure, low-volume sprayer to maximize water savings.
Car washing is limited to once a week per vehicle using a hose with positive shut-off nozzle.
Wash commercial vehicles only at a facility where water is discharged to the sanitary sewer through approved methods. Or, wash with a high-pressure, low-volume sprayer using less than 10 gallons per vehicle. There is no limitation on frequency.
Mobile car washes are allowed as long as the company uses high-pressure, low-volume equipment and uses less than 10 gallons of water per vehicle.
The Southern Nevada Water Authority offers car wash coupons online. A water-smart car wash recycles the water on site or drains it to the sanitary sewer, helping protect our water supply.
Surface, equipment, and building washing is prohibited unless water is discharged to the sanitary sewer through approved methods or contained on site.
Golf courses using District water shall be on a water budget. A golf course is measured and charged based upon a specified amount of acre-feet for each acre currently being irrigated.
Golf courses are exempt from time of day and assigned watering day provisions.
Water budgets are calculated based on the number of acres currently being irrigated. This includes all lakes and ponds within the course and those used all or in part as an irrigation reservoir. Budgeted acre-feet include potable, raw, reclaimed, and recycled water.
Golf courses are allowed 6.3 acre-feet of water per irrigated acre annually.Surcharges
Water used in excess of the water budget will incur the following surcharges. These surcharges will be imposed in lieu of the fourth rate tier. Water use falling into the fourth rate tier will be charged at the third-tier rate plus a surcharge.
|Percentage of budget||Surcharge to apply to water use in excess of budget|
|101 to 120 percent||2 times the highest rate paid for water within budget|
|121 to 140 percent||5 times the highest rate paid for water within budget|
|More than 140 percent||9 times the highest rate paid for water within budget|
Each golf course must submit its own water-use reduction plan containing at least the following elements:
- Physical description of the course with detailed descriptions of irrigated areas
- Itemized accounting of water use for the calendar year
- A review of spray irrigation efficiency
- A description of key water-use reduction strategies and timelines for implementation
If a golf course contests the irrigated acreage calculated by the district, the golf course may provide alternative calculations conducted by an independent consultant not affiliated with the golf course. The Water District, however, makes the final determination of irrigated acreage.
For more details about golf course water budgets, see the Service Rules Chapter 11.
The following conservation measures apply to government facilities:
- All government facilities are subject to landscape watering restrictions.
- All government facilities are subject to Water District water rates and water waste fees.
- Public or private areas designated as Community Use Recreational Turf Area (CURTA) by government jurisdictions shall comply with restrictions outlined in Chapter 11 of the Service Rules.
Community-use recreational turf areas, such as public parks and athletic fields, must comply with the following restrictions:
|Watering for each area may not exceed 7 out of 14 days.|
|Watering for each area mat not exceed 2 out of 7 days.|
|Watering for each area may not exceed 7 out of 14 days.|
|Watering prohibited from 11 a.m. to 7 p.m.|
|The schedule must be posted at each location for spring, winter and fall.|
The Water District reserves the right to assign specific water budgets to customers, including rates and surcharges related to the budget. If assigned, the Water District will notify water budgeted customers of how much water they are budgeted and additional provisions. For complete details, see Service Rules Chapter 11.